Stony Brook University associate professor Heather Lynch is one of the investigators that presented results at the American Geophysical Union annual meeting in Washington D.C. She reveals in the NASA press release that “male and female penguins take turns incubating the nest. The guano left behind builds up in the same areas occupied by the nests themselves…” The scientists backtrack from the guano stains to estimate how many birds were there.
The satellite images don’t show individual penguins, since they are much too small to be seen. But the immense accumulation of bright pink poo is relatively easy to spot, which allows researchers to calculate the colony’s size. Male and female penguins take turns incubating the nest. The guano left behind builds up in the same areas occupied by the nests themselves,” co-investigator Heather Lynch, an ecologist at Stony Brook University says in a NASA press release. “We can use the area of the colony, as defined by the guano stain, to work back to the number of pairs that must have been inside the colony.”
Evidence shows the brains of older adults are working harder to complete a given task at the same level as younger adults, says Lauren Richmond, an assistant professor of cognitive science at Stony Brook University in New York. And there’s some evidence that older adults activate different regions than younger adults to complete the same tasks, she says. Older brains aren’t all bad news. We are able to counter some loss of speed by connecting across networks or using “crystalized knowledge,” the information that’s stored in our brains as experience or wisdom.
Inhabiting a vast network of estuaries along the Atlantic coast, blue crabs are ecologically important and represent one of the valuable and prized catches in the United States. The crabs spawn in estuaries at a time of year when water-quality issues such as low dissolved oxygen (hypoxia) and low pH (acidification) can be the most persistent and severe. Researchers from Stony Brook University’s School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences investigated the effects of these individual and combined stressors on early life stages of the blue crab. Their results appear in PLOS ONE.
Stony Brook University Hospital plans to launch two mobile units in the spring — rolling emergency rooms — designed to reach stroke patients within the critical moments when intravenous brain-sparing medications can dramatically impact survival.
Ever sit alone in a house and hear noises you can’t explain? Was that the wind, the house settling (whatever that means) or the cat swatting at the string hanging from the blinds? Those sounds, which are sometimes inexplicable and are called ambient noise, are often hard to trace, even if we walk around the house and listen outside every room. For Weisen Shen, an assistant professor in the Department of Geosciences at Stony Brook University, ambient noises deep below the Antarctic continent and elsewhere can be and often are clues that unlock mysteries hidden miles below the frozen surface.
Dessert seems to be the biggest fear of anyone trying to avoid added sugars and fats during the holiday season, but the delicious after-meal treat does not have to be avoided completely. There are healthy alternatives that are just as satisfying. “Nuts can be served as part of a dessert,” said Leah Holbrook, associate director of the Stony Brook University Medicine Graduate Nutrition Program. “Dark chocolate is also generally a good choice when you’re replacing a less helpful dessert. Dark chocolate covered nuts is an option or fruits that has been dipped in chocolate which is widely available now.”
For protection against measles, about 93 percent of a community needs to get vaccinated, according to Dr. Sharon Nachman, chief of pediatric infectious diseases at Stony Brook Medicine in New York.
As we head into the holiday season, summer seems far away. However, many highly competitive summer camps have applications that open as early as November, with deadlines in the winter. It is advisable for the serious student to plan ahead and start thinking about productive ways to spend their summer. There is the Simons Summer Research Program at Stony Brook University which gives highly motivated and academically gifted high school juniors the opportunity to participate in hands-on research in science, math, or engineering. Simons Fellows, as participants are called, team up with Stony Brook’s distinguished faculty mentors, who will guide them as they become part of an active research team or even assume responsibility for a research project. For students interested in pursuing a career path in medicine, this is a great opportunity to gain valuable research experience, learn about laboratory techniques and get the overall feel for life at a research university. Simons Fellows also attend weekly faculty research talks and are given access to other special workshops, tours, and events. At the end of their apprenticeship, Simons Fellows will write a research abstract and produce a research poster for which they will be presented with a $1,000 stipend award at the closing poster symposium.